Housing inequalities lie at the heart of urban inequalities, determining who can actually live in the city. It is a sector that requires massive capital investments and a long-term perspective. As a result, governments have withdrawn from housing provision in past decades, and inequalities in this sphere have increased. Across Eastern Europe, the central government has largely pushed the responsibility of dealing with the consequences of housing inequality on municipalities. Currently, the big question is whether we can imagine and develop new forms of affordable housing provision in the region. Can people-led housing solutions (from the informal to new kinds of housing cooperatives) and new municipal housing programs be scaled up, and can they join forces? In the presentation I will build on the experiences of the MOBA Housing Network, and also on Periféria Center’s recent experiences with a few Hungarian municipal housing projects.